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综合写作万能满分模板 不看后悔

2020-05-24 17:04

来源:济南新东方学校

作者:新东方小新

  各位被标题党骗进来的小伙伴,请先看结论——综合写作没有什么万能满分模板。为什么呢?综合写作有三个类别。显然,用80多词的单一模板套出三个类别的满分范文,是几乎不可能的,接下来我们就来看看官方指南OG P197中三种类别的综合写作都是什么。

  1. how they cast doubt on the specific claims/arguments discussed in the reading passage. 即“观点理由类”,该类在TPO和近三年考察中占比约60%

  2. how they cast doubt on the specific points discussed in the reading passage. 即“现象解释类”,该类在TPO和近三年考察中占比约20%

  3. how they answer the problem mention in the reading passage. 即“问题解决类”,该类较少见,但套路性极强。

篇幅有限,今日来看前两种类别对应的开头段如何写作。一观点理由类该类题目,阅读给出主观点和三个理由,听力直接否定阅读的三个理由。开头段写明双方就何问题展开争议,以及双方主观点即可。

  TPO 17

  阅读原文Unfortunately for birds, these trends are likely to continue, with the result that the number of birds in the United States will necessarily decline.

  听力原文The passage claims that there will be fewer and fewer birds, but the arguments used to support this claim are unconvincing.

  

  参考开头段1 The reading proposes three evidences to support that the number of birds in the United States continues to shrink, all of which are questioned/challenged in the lecture.

  总结句型1 The reading proposes three evidences to support that … , all of which are questioned/challenged in the lecture.

  参考开头段2 The reading and listening have a conflict of opinions about the birds' population in the United States. The author believes that the population will continue to decrease, which is contradicted by the lecture/professor.

  总结句型2  The reading and listening have a conflict of opinions about … . The author believes that … , which is contradicted by the lecture/professor.

一现象解释类:阅读给出一个事实和能够证明其成立的假说,听力说明阅读的假说不能解释该事实。开头段写明双方就何问题展开假说,以及双方主观点即可。

  TPO23

  阅读原文 Scientists have advanced several hypotheses to explain this decline.

  听力原文 Unfortunately, we still don’t know what’s killing the yellow cedar. None of the explanations discussed in the reading is adequate.

  

  参考开头段1 The article presents three hypotheses to explain the decline of the yellow cedar, all of which are dismissed by the lecturer.

  总结句型1 The article presents three hypotheses to explain … , all of which are dismissed by the lecturer.

  参考开头段2 The reading and listening have a debate on why yellow cedars decline. The passage gives three hypotheses which are contradicted by the lecture.

  总结句型2 The reading and listening have a debate on … . The passage gives three hypotheses which are contradicted by the lecture.

由此不难看出,不同类别的综合写作,在撰写开头段的时候,需要我们区分题目类别,看清楚是arguments还是hypothesis,再选择合适的词汇和句型去写作。

  作者介绍

  

  辛雅楠

  托福写作

  纽约大学教育学硕士

  英语专业八级

  精修建筑英语口译,持有剑桥英语教学能力TKT证书

  擅长为基础薄弱的学生快速构建写作能力

  曾在美国教授TOEFL课程、商务英语和成人英语

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